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Birth Control Pills

A woman takes a pill that contains artificial hormones – either a combination of estrogen and progestin, or a progestin-only pill – every day. The pill works by preventing ovulation, increasing cervical mucus to block sperm, and creating a thin, unfriendly uterine environment.

success rate
With typical use, five women in 100 become pregnant in one year. With perfect use, less than one woman in 100 will become pregnant in one year.

groovy part
If taken consistently and correctly, the pill provides non-stop protection from pregnancy, can make a woman’s periods more regular, reduce cramps, and shorten or lighten a woman’s period.

drag factor
Offers no protection against STDs including HIV; can cause side effects such as nausea, headaches and moodiness. Also, you need to remember to take the pill every day, and if you miss two or more pills in a cycle, or you are late starting a new cycle of pills, you should strongly consider using a back-up contraceptive until you have taken seven consecutive pills.

how to get it
Through a prescription from a health care provider; the cost runs $15 to $40 a month depending on the pill brand, plus the cost of the visit to your health care provider. (Many clinics also have sliding scale fees, meaning you pay based on what you can afford.)

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